By David Higgins, Facilities Manager
By David Higgins, Facilities Manager
By Alyssa Boge, Education Coordinator
My name is Alyssa and I am the Education Coordinator at the Museum. I am very excited to tell you about an upcoming program–you’re all invited!
I wish I could say that I planned everything out myself, but the truth is I couldn’t have planned everything so perfectly. The Museum has an internship program with Ahfachkee, the local Tribal school, that’s been going on for several years. Typically seniors who are able to participate visit the Museum to learn what different employees do. Depending on their personal and career interests, they decide what they would like to learn about and who they would like to work with.
This year Eden Jumper decided that he wanted to hone his skills with Adobe Photoshop and Illustrator while learning about marketing principles. This is not Eden’s first time working with the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki- in the past he worked with the Exhibits Department to help create a series of interactive cases within the galleries. This year he decided to work with Virginia Yarce, our Development Assistant. Virginia let Eden drive the internship. Eden decided to market our current West Gallery exhibit “Struggle for Survival, 1817-1858” which discusses the Seminole War and features the important Buckskin Declaration, along with “Telling Our Stories” which highlights the Museum’s unique Oral History Program.
In order to showcase these exhibits, we decided the Museum should offer a variety of activities and presentations. Eden, assisted by Virginia, developed a marketing plan to promote the programming which he presented as a PowerPoint to me, Carrie Dilley, Visitor Services and Development Manager, and Kate Macuen, Assistant Director. He outlined what types of audiences we could market to, what types of marketing we would do, and what promo items we could feature. Eden did a fantastic job with his presentation and got the green light to proceed with planning the event. Since that time he has worked to develop a program flyer and postcards to coordinate with the event. He brainstormed and wrote a VIP letter with Carrie Dilley and is currently working on the design for a promotional button. Wondering what other materials will he develop next? You’ll have to come to our event to find out!
We decided on the name “Seminole Story Days” for the event, which will take place May 5-7. Each day we will have different activities that highlight topics from both our “Struggle for Survival, 1817-1858” exhibit and our Oral History Program. Tour guides will provide short tours of the exhibit throughout the day. Reinaldo Becerra, our Outreach Specialist, will provide period weapons demonstrations. Our Oral History Coordinator, Eric Griffis, will talk about the Oral History Program and the exhibit he developed while Rebecca Fell, Curator of Exhibits, will talk about how oral histories are used in the development of exhibits. The Big Cypress Martial Arts group will demonstrate tactics Seminole warriors used against American soldiers. Finally, Eden Jumper will do a short talk about his project and his grandmother, Carol Cypress (wife of the late Museum founder Billy Cypress), will present alongside him.
We have a great line-up and we hope you’ll come out to support Eden and his internship project. Because really, this is Eden’s project and I am so excited that the museum was able to support him to make it happen.
Share about the Event! Here are some links to learn more about the event. Also, watch for the program details on our website, Facebook and Twitter!
By Domonique deBeaubien, THPO Collections Manager
“What is that?” It’s one of the most common questions we ask ourselves when working with archaeological artifacts. Most of the artifacts that come into the Tribal Historic Preservation Office (THPO) Archaeological Lab are highly fragmented pieces of animal bone that were left behind by human activity at archaeological sites. We call these tiny pieces of animal bone faunal remains.
People often wonder why we spend so much time studying what is essentially, trash. But you can learn a great deal about an archaeological site by understanding the remnants of what was left behind. A trained analyst (or bioarchaeologist) can look at a pile of broken up pieces of animal bone and construct an elaborate picture about the people who created it. For example: what were people eating? How far did people travel to get their food? What animals were the most valuable for nutrition and tool making?
In order to answer those questions we first need to understand what we’re looking at, and that’s why we have the THPO Comparative Collection! This is essentially a reference collection made up of many different animal skeletons that help us identify the fragmented faunal remains that come into the lab. Since the fauna of Florida is extraordinarily diverse, we have a wide collection of creatures ranging from alligators to armadillos and stingrays to snakes; we endeavor to have an example of most of the major animal species that live in our domain.
You may currently be wondering where these skeletons come from. I’ll be the first person to admit that you don’t go into bioarchaeology if you’re squeamish. There is a pretty high level of ick factor when acquiring comparative specimens, and it requires a serious level of dedication from our Collections staff. Most of our specimens come from road kill, where they are collected and then buried in a discreet corner of the museum parking lot. Most people endearingly refer to this location of our campus as the Pet Cemetery. Burying the animal allows the organic matter to decompose naturally, while leaving the skeletal remains behind. Other researchers use different methods like dermestid beetles to clean their specimens, but this process works the best for our environment. It is also significantly friendlier to the eye (and nose) since everything is placed underground. After a number of months (sometimes years!), each specimen is carefully excavated and all of the bones are cleaned and organized anatomically. We’re extra careful to gather all of the smaller bones, as these are often what survive the best archaeologically.
Whenever a new specimen is brought into the lab, our goal is to ensure it becomes a valuable asset to our collection, so every individual bone is identified by skeletal element, labeled, and stored accordingly. That way, when students or interns come into the lab who aren’t familiar with comparative anatomy, they have a vast resource right at their fingertips.
Let’s take a quick look at the comparative collection in action. This photo is a classic example of what comes into the lab: tiny little pieces of mystery faunal bone! Our job is to take those tiny fragments, and identify what they are by comparing them with intact bones from our comparative collection. Can you tell what kind of animal bone these might be?
If you guessed alligator, that is correct! The archaeological fragments pictured above belong to an alligator scute. A scute is a piece of bony armored plating that runs down an alligator’s back. Alligators have hundreds of them, and they fit together to form a protective layer of osseous body armor. As you can see, they are approximately the same size, and share the same markings as the alligator scute from our Comparative Collection. Even though we just had a few tiny pieces, our amazing lab staff was able to accurately identify what animal species the fragments came from!
For us, each fragment of bone tells a different story; whether it’s a family meal shared hundreds of years ago, or how far hunters journeyed for their catch. Each story is unique, and thanks to our comparative collection, we can help bring that story to life.
by Carrie Dilley, Visitor Services and Development Manager
The American Indian Arts Celebration, or AIAC for short, has taken place each year at the Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki since the Museum opened in 1997. The event has always featured an exciting line-up of performers, demonstrations, and vendors, and this year was no exception. This was my second year as the overall event planner, but I have either attended or participated in every AIAC since 2008. I might sound a little biased here, but I feel confident in saying that the 2015 event was the best AIAC yet! Why was it the best? Let’s take a look…
Visitation: The most obvious detail that set this year’s event apart from the rest was our overall visitation. We were up 40% from last year! If we take a look back over the past few years, we see that we were up 55% from 2013, 144% from 2012 (no, that is not a typo!), 59% from 2011, and 35% from 2010. We had a ton of schools come out and take advantage of our “education day” on Friday. For the $5 group rate, AIAC is the biggest bargain of the year! Most of our visitors came from surrounding areas but we also saw people from Canada, Italy, New York, Colombia, France, Germany, Connecticut, and Belgium. Not only did visitors enjoy the festival, most also took advantage of visiting the Museum galleries and boardwalk for the full Ah-Tah-Thi-Ki experience.
Vendors: At AIAC, there is truly something for everyone. This year we had 44 arts and crafts vendors, three traditional Seminole food vendors, and two food trucks (three on Friday). While many of our arts and crafts vendors were Seminole, we also had vendors from other tribes represented– Turtle Mountain Chippewa, Lower Muscogee Creek, Inca Ajibwa, Navajo, Miccosukee, and Dineh (Navajo). For something unexpected, TV-Head Co. joined us with a booth of wooden watches, bow ties, wallets, and sunglasses.
The Main Stage: We had six different performers or demonstrations on Friday and seven on Saturday. Tribal elder Bobby Henry provided the opening ceremony both days and engaged the audience with his traditional Seminole dances. Billy Walker and Paul Simmons awed guest with their alligator wrestling shows.
The Warriors of AniKituhwa joined us from Cherokee, NC and provided a riveting dance performance.
Rita Youngman, Jerry Mincey, and Cypress Billie sang songs that told tales of Florida life. Saturday’s patchwork fashion show showed visitors a contemporary take on a traditional Seminole dress and the Martial Arts demonstration put a whole new spin on a traditional reenactment.
Other Offerings: On top of visiting vendor booths and watching exciting performers, visitors could stop by the information booth for a food tasting featuring Seminole fry bread and sofkee. New this year, Museum and THPO staff acted as gallery docents to provide additional information to visitors inside the museum. Saturday morning kicked off with a bird watching nature walk, where over 20 different species of birds were seen or heard!
An outdoor exhibit installation featuring Seminole Spirit photographs, an archery station, Elgin Jumper painting “en plein air,” a demonstration tent with three booths featuring Seminole weaponry, the Florida cow-whip, and Cherokee traditions, and a craft tent with three different (free) craft options rounded out the experience. Last but not least, we partnered with Billie Swamp Safari to offer free shuttle rides to take our visitors to their park, where visitors could receive 50% off any attraction just by showing their AIAC wristband.
TEAMWORK: How did we make it all happen??? Teamwork! The Museum and THPO staff came together and unified as one group to provide an exciting event to our visitors. Even though the event took an incredible amount of planning, coordination, and hard work, we left with a huge smile on our faces. We all went home Saturday evening knowing that we created an event that made the Tribal community and all of our visitors proud to be in attendance.
The only negative of the event was knowing this was the last time we will have our MVP on staff, Mr. Gene Davis. Gene, it it impossible to express how much we will all miss working with you! Good luck in your future endeavors.